https://www.bettycjung.net/COVID-19.htm

COVID-19

Coronovirus
Graphic source: https://www.wowt.com/content/news/CDC-updates-on-coronavirus-workers-seek-to-prevent-outbreak-pandemic-568081961.html

COVID-19 AKA 2019 Novel Coronavirus; 2019-nCoV
Internet Resources

COVID-19 webpage QR Code

Scan and save this Webpage to your mobile device!

Betty C. Jung logo


A - L M - Z


Suggested Citation: Jung, B.C. (2020-2021). COVID-19 Internet Resources.
Web document: https://www.bettycjung.net/COVID-19.htm


Mission: To provide a one-stop Web resource page with factual information about the COVID-19 Pandemic

According to PEW , social media users share COVID-19 information mostly from news sources (74%) and very little from health and science resources (1%). This could mean that people do not know where to look for credible science-based information about COVID-19.

On June 18, 2020, JAMA reported "Coronavirus disease 2019-related knowledge and behaviors were associated with race/ethnicity, sex, and age. African American participants, men, and people younger than 55 years were less likely to know how the disease is spread, were less likely to know the symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019, and left the home more often."

Furthermore, the prevalence of Coronavirus myths addressed by the World Health Organization indicates that there is much disinformation and misinformation on the Internet about the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Therefore, I have decided to create this resource page for those interested in learning more about the pandemic. It is my hope, as Master Certified Health Education Specialist (MCHES®), that you will be able get the credible information you need here to make the decisions you have to make to deal with the pandemic in your life. I am dedicated to keeping this page updated with vetted sources, and welcome your feedback. (July 6, 2020)


Comments,suggestions, dead link reports:


Table of Content (Major sections)


COVID-19 Pandemic


CDC has three numbers you should consider to know if you've been exposed to the coronavirus: If you've been within six feet of an infected person for at least 15 minutes starting from 48 hours before the infected person began feeling sick, you are considered to have been in close contact with the virus. (Source: https://bestlifeonline.com/exposed-to-coronavirus/)

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Public Health Technical Reports


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Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Visualization Sites


United States

COVID and US deaths
Graphic source: https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/brief/covid-19-is-the-number-one-cause-of-death-in-the-u-s-in-early-2021/


Video source: NBC News

Healthcare & Hospitalization

Vaccinations

Connecticut

Other COVID-19 Trackers

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COVID-19 Research Information


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COVID-19 Databases, Registries, Repositories


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CDC & Other Federal Agency Guidance


CDC Guidance

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Public Health Issues


US had more cases in reopening
Graphic source; NY Times

July 8, 2020 Not Ready for Reopening
Graphic source; https://www.vox.com/2020/5/28/21270515/coronavirus-covid-reopen-economy-social-distancing-states-map-data

ICU capacity
Graphic source; https://www.vox.com/2020/5/28/21270515/coronavirus-covid-reopen-economy-social-distancing-states-map-data

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Epidemiology of COVID-19


Infectious Disease Models


Outbreak Models
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-582SP

COVID model
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-582SP


COVID-19 Metrics


7-day average
Graphic source: https://www.propublica.org/article/how-to-understand-covid-19-numbers

5 percent positivity rate
Graphic source: https://www.propublica.org/article/how-to-understand-covid-19-numbers

Death rate
Graphic source: https://www.propublica.org/article/how-to-understand-covid-19-numbers

4 measures
Graphic source: https://www.propublica.org/article/how-to-understand-covid-19-numbers

COVID risk levels
Graphic source: https://globalepidemics.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/key_metrics_and_indicators_v4.pdf

COVID Risk level and type of control
Graphic source: https://globalepidemics.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/key_metrics_and_indicators_v4.pdf

Contact Tracing
Graphic source: https://globalepidemics.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/key_metrics_and_indicators_v4.pdf

Contact Tracing and Testing
Graphic source: https://globalepidemics.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/key_metrics_and_indicators_v4.pdf

Contact Tracing
Graphic source: https://globalepidemics.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/key_metrics_and_indicators_v4.pdf

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COVID-19 Dust Surveillance



COVID-19 Genomic Surveillance



COVID-19 Hotspot Surveillance


March 9, 2021 Hotspots
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/world/coronavirus-maps.html

Hotspot Surveillance
Graphic source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877584520300320

Hotspot Surveillance Over Time
Graphic source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877584520300320


COVID-19 Wastewater Surveillance


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COVID-19 Outbreak


March 9, 2021 Per capital
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/world/coronavirus-maps.html

November 7, 2020
Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/2020/11/8/21550345/50-million-confirmed-cases-covid-19-worldwide

US Wave
Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/2020/11/8/21550345/50-million-confirmed-cases-covid-19-worldwide

Epidemic curve of daily cases of laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in Hong Kong by symptom onset date and colored by cluster category (n=1,038).
From: Clustering and superspreading potential of SARS-CoV-2 infections in Hong Kong

Hong Kong Cluster Outbreak
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-1092-0/figures/1

US early spread
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6922e1.htm

Timeline Comparing the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreaks

SARS and COVID-19 Timeline
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762130

Comparison SARS and nCoV
Graphic Source: NY Times Graphic, via @FelicityCarus #MackayIM

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COVID-19 Outbreak Trends


Video source: https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/21353986/coronavirus-covid-pandemic-usa-america-maps-charts-data

Dec 31, 2020 outbreak trends
Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/03/30/822491838/coronavirus-world-map-tracking-the-spread-of-the-outbreak

Global Deaths
Graphic source: https://www.cnn.com/2020/09/28/health/coronavirus-million-global-deaths-intl/index.html

US COVID-19 changing demographics
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6939e1.htm

US COVID-19 changing demographics
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6939e1.htm

Covid September 2, 2020
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/20651/locations-by-number-of-confirmed-wuhan-coronavirus-cases/

Country responses early on
Graphic source: https://www.brookings.edu/2020/04/02/the-early-days-of-a-global-pandemic-a-timeline-of-covid-19-spread-and-government-interventions/

COVID-19 history
Graphic source; https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1282357711703887872

American Nations
Graphic source: https://www.pressherald.com/2020/07/05/how-the-geography-of-the-pandemic-is-determined-by-centuries-old-regional-differences/

US COVID-19 trends
Graphic source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2020/06/18/trump-claims-coronavirus-pandemic-is-ending-data-experts-disagree/

Disease progression
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Business%20Functions/Risk/Our%20Insights/COVID%2019%20Implications%20for%20business/COVID%2019%20May%2027/COVID-19-Facts-and-Insights-June-1-vF.ashx

Percentage of emergency department (ED) visits for COVID-19-like illness (CLI), in 14 counties (three in California and Washington [A]; four in Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, and Michigan [B]; and seven in New York [C]) -National Syndromic Surveillance System, February 1-April 7, 2020

U.S. coronavirus outbreak
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6922e1.htm

Outbreak Pace
Graphic source: https://www.cnbc.com/2020/05/21/global-coronavirus-cases-surpass-5-million-johns-hopkins-data-shows.html

countries in danger
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/EricTopol/status/1260659915816792064

How to beat covid
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/yaneerbaryam/status/1256769252369072134

Estimated Prevalence
Graphic source: https://www.webmd.com/lung/news/20200424/more-data-bolsters-higher-covid-prevalence

April 17, 2020 stats February 24, 2020 stats

Shifting Global Burden March 11, 2020
Graphic source: https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-coronavirus-cases-top-1-000-11583917794

Hotspots
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6933e2.htm

FIGURE 1. Number of COVID-19 hotspot alerts, by county and number of days* meeting hotspot criteria for (A) March 8-April 30, (B) May 1-31, (C) June 1-July 15, and (D) entire period - United States, March 8-July 15, 2020

Hotspot Maps
Map source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6933e2.htm

FIGURE 2. Daily number of COVID-19 hotspot alerts, by urbanicity, and 7-day average of new reported cases - United States, March 8-July 15, 2020

Hotspots Urbanicity
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6933e2.htm

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The Search for Patient Zero


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Zoonotic Origins


Emerging infections
Graphic source: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/who-convened-global-study-of-origins-of-sars-cov-2-china-part-annexes.pdf

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COVID-19 in Animals


WHO - COVID-19 in animals
Graphic source: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/who-convened-global-study-of-origins-of-sars-cov-2-china-part-annexes.pdf

WHO Animal spillover
Graphic source: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/who-convened-global-study-of-origins-of-sars-cov-2-china-part-annexes.pdf

Susceptible animals
Graphic source: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/who-convened-global-study-of-origins-of-sars-cov-2-china-part-annexes.pdf

Animals and COVID-19
Old World primates and great apes have identical amino acids at the binding site to humans and are predicted to be at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. (Infographic by Matt Verdolivo/UC Davis)
Graphic source: https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/genomic-analysis-reveals-many-animal-species-may-be-vulnerable-sars-cov-2-infection

Covid in animals
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6923e3.htm

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Genomic Sequencing Characteristics


"Experts’ recommendations on how many cases should be sequenced vary, but many say sequencing around 5 percent of cases would begin to adequately show the spread of variants circulating at low levels." (https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2021/03/06/us/coronavirus-variant-sequencing.html)

Genomic sequencing
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/gao-21-426sp

NYC Covid strain
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6928a5.htm

COVID19 genome
Graphic source: https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/09/2008176117

COVID19 genome
Graphic source: https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/09/2008176117

Sar2 genome
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/04/30/science/coronavirus-mutations.html

Key Coronavirus proteins
Graphic source: Nature Briefing

COVID structure
Graphic source; https://www.zmescience.com/science/cells-infected-coronavirus-95362/


Video source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/22/us/coronavirus-sequencing.html

Blood Type

Blood Type and Covid
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/932333

Blood type and covid
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/932333

Blood type and positive COVID test
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/935827

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Genomics

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Genetic Mutations; COVID-19 Variants

COVID-19 variants
Graphic source: https://www.webmd.com/lung/news/20210324/variants-of-variants-seen-in-covid-ravaged-brazil

US - UK variants
Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7003e2.htm

US - UK variants
Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7003e2.htm

US - UK variants
Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7003e2.htm

March 9, 2021 US Variants
Graphic source: https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/map-track-spread-covid-19-variants-across-united-states-n1256131 March 9, 2021

Minnesota Variant
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7008e1.htm

Variants and Strains
Graphic source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/health/medicine/mutations-variants-and-strains/

New Variants
Graphic source: https://cov-lineages.org/global_report.html

Variant B1.1.7
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7003e2.htm

COVID-19 Variant reported by Japan, January 11, 2021

Japan variant
Graphic source: https://www.niid.go.jp/niid/ja/diseases/ka/corona-virus/2019-ncov/10107-covid19-33.html

JAMA - COVID variants
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2775006

B117 variant
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/21/health/new-covid-strain-uk.html

Tracking mutations
Graphic source: https://time.com/5870481/coronavirus-origins/

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Case Definition


3 stages of covid
Graphic source: https://www.ccjm.org/content/early/2020/12/01/ccjm.87a.ccc066

COVID-19 Framework
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2773338

WHO case definition
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/927860

Flu vs Covid
Graphic source: PriMed

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Contact Tracing


Contact Tracing

Contact Tracing

Contact Tracing
Graphic source for 3: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/public-sector/our-insights/contact-tracing-for-covid-19-new-considerations-for-its-practical-application

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Disease Distribution


one in five infected
Graphic source: https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2020/12/10/almost-one-in-five-americans-may-have-been-infected-with-covid-19

18-22 Covid Surveillance
Graphic Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6939e4.htm

18-22 COVID testing
Graphic Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6939e4.htm

18-22 Race Ethnicity with COVID
Graphic Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6939e4.htm

Rise in COVID-19 kids
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/08/31/us/coronavirus-cases-children.html

COVID-19 incidence among school-aged children aged 5-11 years (N = 101,503) and 12-17 years (N = 175,782), by week - United States, March 1-September 19, 2020

COVID-19 and kids
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6939e2.htm

Percentage of SARS-CoV-2 reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests with positive results and test volume, by week for school-aged children aged 5-11 years and 12-17 years - United States, May 3-September 19, 2020

COVID-19 testing and kids
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6939e2.htm

California cases
Graphic source: https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/06/16/age-of-covid-19-cases-dropping-in-california/

Cases by agegroups
Graphic source; https://www.statista.com/chart/21173/hospitalization-icu-admission-and-fatality-rates-for-reported-coronavirus-cases/

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Disease Process


The Process of How SARS-CoV-2 Infects the Host

How Sars2 infects cells
Graphic source: https://www.acrobiosystems.com/A1213-The-Process-of-How-SARS-CoV-2-Infects-the-Host.html

HIV latent infections
Graphic source: https://earthsky.org/human-world/does-coronavirus-linger-in-body-immune-system-covid

COVID pathophysiology
Graphic source: https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.2020201629

immunogenesis
Graphic source; https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2768391

ACE2 is the target for the novel coronavirus

ACE2
Graphic source: https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-alzheimers-disease/jad200581


Graphic source: https://hms.harvard.edu/news/how-covid-19-causes-loss-smell

NeuroCovid Stages

Neurocovid states
Graphic source: https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-alzheimers-disease/jad200581

Scheme of the effects of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in obese individuals.

Obesity disease process
Graphic source: https://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(20)30477-8/fulltext

How Coronavirus Infects People
Graphic source: https://www.livescience.com/covid-19-superspreader-singing.html (Image credit: Nicholas Forder)

AGE WELL: On average, as this chart reveals, chronic diseases increase with aging, which makes the elderly more susceptible to COVID-19. This deadly combination is a stark reminder, again, of doing our best to stay healthy.

Age and comorbidities
Graphic course: http://nautil.us/issue/84/outbreak/how-covid_19-picks-on-the-weakened. Aging and the Epidemiology of Multimorbidity

Reinfection

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Disease Severity


Vulnerable Populations

Vulnerable Populations
Graphic source: https://www.webmd.com/lung/news/20200602/vulnerable-groups-weigh-risks-as-country-reopens

Mild or Moderate Covid-19
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009249

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Disease Statistics


Epidemic Curve of the Confirmed Cases of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Chinese CDC Report 2/24/2020 JAMA
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762130

US cases
Graphic source: statista.com/chart/21547/cumulative-covid-19-cases-in-the-us/

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Hospitalization Statistics


Hospitalizations by Race/Ethnicity
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/reports/GAO-21-191/#Highlights

Hospital Readmissions
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6945e2.htm

Covid race/ethnicity data

Hospitalizations, underlying conditions
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6924e2.htm

Hospitalizations by Age
Graphic source: https://time.com/5867751/bars-covid/

Medicare hospitalizations by race
Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/slide/in-medicare-black-and-hispanic-individuals-account-for-disproportionate-share-of-covid-19-cases-and-hospitalizations/

COVID-19 admissions by race and ethnicity
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/931633

Age and Hospitalizations
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/older-adults.html

US COVID-19 hospitalizations
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6925e1.htm

Hospitalization and comorbidity
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22018/coronavirus-pre-existing-conditions/

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Potential Life Lost

PYLL
Graphic source: https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/brief/covid-19-pandemic-related-excess-mortality-and-potential-years-of-life-lost-in-the-u-s-and-peer-countries/

PYLL-Disparities
Graphic source: https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/brief/covid-19-pandemic-related-excess-mortality-and-potential-years-of-life-lost-in-the-u-s-and-peer-countries/

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Prevalence Statistics


Daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases per million people, Dec 9, 2020 The number of confirmed cases is lower than the number of actual cases; the main reason for that is limited testing.

New cases per 1 million
Graphic source: https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-data-explorer?tab=map&zoomToSelection=true&country=GBR~USA~ESP~ITA~BRA~IND~KOR®ion=World&casesMetric=true&interval=daily&hideControls=true&perCapita=true&smoothing=0&pickerMetric=location&pickerSort=asc

Model-based estimates of U.S. prevalence (A) and number (B) of adults aged ≥18 years with any selected underlying medical condition, by county United States, 2018

County Prevalence
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6929a1.htm

Point prevalence COVID-19
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6929e1.htm

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Death Statistics


JAMA leading causes of death
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2778234

MMWR 4/2021
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7014e1.htm

2020 deaths
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/coronavirus-leading-through-the-crisis/charting-the-path-to-the-next-normal/in-2020-covid-19-deaths-were-eight-times-greater-than-a-typical-flu-season

U.S. on Sunday, February 21, 2021, hit the half-a-million mark for the number of lives claimed by Covid-19. Every dot on our 500,000 lives lost map represents a person who has died from the virus in the U.S., beginning with the first reported death on Feb. 29, 2020. @NBCNews

Feb 2021, 1/2 million dead
Graphic source: Washington Post Coronavirus Update

Death by Race, Ethnicity
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/reports/GAO-21-191/#Highlights

Covid deaths, race/ethnicity, agegroups
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/reports/GAO-21-191/#Highlights

Excess deaths
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2771761

Excess Deaths
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/reports/GAO-20-708/

COVID-10 3rd leading cause of death
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1286716769441320960

COVID-19 deaths, including probable deaths
Graphic source: https://www.axios.com/axios-ipsos-coronavirus-week-8-5a1947d5-9850-4e58-9583-9b617e6fdc1b.html

Rapid Mortality Surveillance
Graphic source: https://www.theigc.org/blog/why-we-dont-know-the-real-number-of-covid-19-deaths-in-africa/

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Statistics Issues


COVID-19 Test Reporting

COVID-19 Vaccination Reporting

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Data Reporting

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Death Statistics

Hospitalization Data

Incomplete/Missing Demographics and Variables

Poor quality COVID-19 child data
Graphic source: https://www.covkidproject.org/state-report-card

Manipulation of Data Reporting

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Prevalence Data

Probable Cases/Excess Deaths

Excess Deaths and racial disparities
Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/slide/during-pandemic-higher-premature-excess-deaths-in-u-s-compared-to-peer-countries-partly-driven-by-racial-disparities/

Excess Mortality
Graphic source: https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/brief/covid-19-pandemic-related-excess-mortality-and-potential-years-of-life-lost-in-the-u-s-and-peer-countries/

Excess Mortality
Graphic source: https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/brief/covid-19-pandemic-related-excess-mortality-and-potential-years-of-life-lost-in-the-u-s-and-peer-countries/

Excess Mortality
Graphic source: https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/brief/covid-19-pandemic-related-excess-mortality-and-potential-years-of-life-lost-in-the-u-s-and-peer-countries/

JAMA Excess Deaths
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2778361

Excess Death Charts
Graphic source: https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2020/07/15/tracking-covid-19-excess-deaths-across-countries

Undercounting

Africa undercounting Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/372/bmj.n334

Actual New Cases
Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2021/02/06/964527835/why-the-pandemic-is-10-times-worse-than-you-think

Actively infectious
Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2021/02/06/964527835/why-the-pandemic-is-10-times-worse-than-you-think

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COVID-19 Risk Factors


COVID Comorbidities
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/2020-year-in-review/a-tale-of-2020-in-20-mckinsey-charts

COVID Mortality Predictors
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/941521

Risk factors
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22365/prevalence-of-underlying-conditions-in-us-adults/

Know your risks
Graphic source: Texas Medical Association

Age COVID risk factor
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/older-adults.html

Risk factors
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html

Possible Risk factors
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html

High Risk Factors
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/COVID19-What-You-Can-Do-High-Risk.pdf

Risk Factors
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009249

Cardiovascular

Cancer

Demographics

Race and burden
Graphic source: https://www.cnn.com/2020/08/20/us/systemic-racism-coronavirus-pandemic-trnd/index.html"

Deaths by Race, per 100,000
Graphic source: https://www.apmresearchlab.org/covid/deaths-by-race

Deaths by race
Graphic source: https://www.apmresearchlab.org/covid/deaths-by-race

Diabetes

Drugs

Genetic Mutations

Hypertension

Maternal/Child Health Issues

Mental Illness

Nutrition

Obesity

risk factors - obesity, hypertension, diabetes
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2770542

Obesity risk factors
Graphic source: https://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(20)30477-8/fulltext

Clinical manifestations and mechanisms for COVID‐19 risk in individuals with obesity

Obesity and COVID-19
Graphic source: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/obr.13128

Tobacco/Vaping

Covid and Tobacco
Graphic source: https://www.who.int/news-room/spotlight/more-than-100-reasons-to-quit-tobacco

"Experts have warned that the coronavirus — a respiratory pathogen — most likely capitalizes on the scarred lungs of smokers and vapers. Doctors and researchers are now starting to pinpoint the ways in which smoking and vaping seem to enhance the virus’s ability to spread from person to person, infiltrate the lungs and spark some of Covid-19’s worst symptoms." https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/04/health/covid-vaping-smoking.html

Other Factors

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COVID-19 Incubation Period


Nature: Estimated that the incubation period for COVID-19 before the onset of symptoms was 5.2 days. Viral loads for COVID-19 were highest shortly after the onset of symptoms and then gradually decreased toward the detection limit by day 21. Sex, age, and disease severity did not substantially affect these findings.

The authors estimated that infectiousness of COVID-19 began 2.3 days before the onset of symptoms and peaked at 0.7 days after symptom onset. They further estimated that up to 44% of cases of COVID-19 could be a result of viral transmission before the onset of symptoms. Source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/932932 (6/2020)

Incubation Period
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009575

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COVID-19 Symptoms


Symptom-based COVID types
Graphic source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-types/symptom-tracker-app-reveals-six-distinct-types-of-covid-19-infection-idUSKCN24I1YI

Hispanic and non-Hispanic COVID-19 symptoms
Graphic source; https://salud-america.org/coronavirus-case-rates-and-death-rates-for-latinos-in-the-united-states/

Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of previous or current SARS-CoV-2 infection, by individual symptoms among service members reporting at least one symptom (n = 284) — USS Theodore Roosevelt, April 2020 (June 2020)

Navy symptoms
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6923e4.htm

CDC Signs and symptoms
Graphic source: https://int.nyt.com/data/documenthelper/6926-mayhhsbriefing/af7319f4a55fd0ce5dc9/optimized/full.pdf#page=1

Updated CDC COVID-19 symptom list (4/27/2020)

CDC COVID-19 symptom list April 27, 2020
Graphic source: https://heavy.com/news/2020/04/early-symptoms-coronavirus-covid-19/

Symptoms

General

Dermatological Manifestations

Hearing Loss

Loss of Smell

Loss of Smell
Graphic source: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00210#

Psychiatric Symptoms

Tooth Loss

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COVID-19 Transmission


Transmission Routes


Transmission Chains
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-1092-0/figures/2

SARS-CoV-2 introductions to U.S. and Europe. Credit: Modified from Worobey M, Science, 2020.

Transmission Routes
Graphic source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32912998/

Transmission by stage of infection
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009249

Current Sites of COVID-19 cases

COVID-19 cases
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2767010

Potential Sites for future COVID-19 cases

COVID-19 potential second wave cases
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2767010


Reproduction Number


"To determine when an outbreak had been contained, scientists look at case counts and determine the reproduction number, a measurement that shows how many people will be infected by one infectious person. If the reproduction number drops below 1, scientists consider the outbreak contained." (Source: https://news.utexas.edu/2020/06/01/for-each-days-delay-in-social-distancing-a-covid-19-outbreak-lasts-days-longer/)

COVID infectiousness
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/risk/our-insights/covid-19-implications-for-business

R-naught - the theory R-naught - the reality of superspreaders
R naught Superspreaders

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/22/well/live/coronavirus-pandemic-memorial-day-picnics-bbqs.html


Graphic source: https://www.cnn.com/2020/10/06/health/flu-covid-19-deaths-comparison-trnd/index.html

College superspreader event
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6926e1.htm

superspreader Ro
Graphic source: https://www.zdnet.com/article/google-researchers-show-how-covid-19-super-spreaders-are-a-big-part-of-the-problem/">

Reich and colleagues show that even for the same "R," transmission rate, on average, infections can rise faster with a higher "gamma," the measure of how many "degrees" of contacts a person in the society has -- the super-spreaders.

Reproduction Number
Graphic source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/biology/measuring-different-responses-to-covid-19

Disease Contagiousness
Graphic source; https://www.vox.com/2020/1/28/21079946/coronavirus-china-wuhan-deaths-pandemic

R effective
Graphic source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/05/coronavirus-how-to-measure-your-nation-response-cvd/"

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Asymptomatic/Pre-symptomatic (Silent Spreader/Stealth) Transmission


Germany Asymptomatic Transmission
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2001468

Asymptomatic transmission
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6923e4.htm

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Superspreader Events (SSEs)


High Mixers
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/coronavirus-leading-through-the-crisis/charting-the-path-to-the-next-normal/people-who-see-people-how-high-mixers-help-spread-covid-19

US superspreader events
Graphic source: https://public.tableau.com/profile/betsy.ladyzhets#!/vizhome/superspreadingevents/DashSuperspreadingeventsmap

Covid-19 superspreader - Motorcycle Rally
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6947e1.htm

Distribution of COVID-19 cases (N = 177) linked to a rural wedding reception, by date of onset or test - Maine, August 7–September 14, 2020

Maine Wedding Epi Map
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6945a5.htm

Maine Wedding
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6945a5.htm

Superspreaders
Graphic source: https://news.mit.edu/2020/super-spreading-covid-transmission-1102

Hockey game superspreader
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6941a4.htm

Transmission chains and attack rates in three COVID-19 child care facility outbreaks, Salt Lake County, Utah, April 1-July 10, 2020

Childcare superspreader
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6937e3.htm

Airborne Transmission
Graphic source: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8094933/How-one-man-spread-coronavirus-NINE-people-bus.html

China Restaurant
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/20/health/airflow-coronavirus-restaurants.html

Chinese Restaurant transmission

Funeral community transmission
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6915e1.htm

Funeral community transmission

CDC - Korean Call Center - Blue = infected with COVID-19

CDC-Korean Caller Center
Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/21262268/coronavirus-tips-covid-social-distancing-harm-reduction

Church spread
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6920e2.htm

Austria superspreader
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21699/coronavirus-outbreak-in-ischgl/"

Korea superspreader
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21697/contact-tracing-response-seoul-south-korea-covid-19/

Superspreaders
Graphic source: https://www.zdnet.com/article/google-researchers-show-how-covid-19-super-spreaders-are-a-big-part-of-the-problem/

Reich and colleagues construct graphs of people in their various states of infection and the like among people, to simulate how COVID-19 spreads. Caption from the article: "Contact tracing. Some share of the neighbors of a node which tests positive are traced and tested themselves." Reich et al. 2020

Superspreaders
Graphic source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/biology/how-social-distancing-flattens-the-curve-of-coronavirus

This graph shows how an epidemic might spread across a network over time. Blue dots are susceptible individuals, while red dots are infected people. Two dots are connected by a line if they are in contact with each other, and the more contacts a person has, the bigger their dot is on the network. Author provided

Infected people are red nodes, and susceptible people are blue. The large node in the middle of the diagram is a super-spreader, a person who connects with many others, and thus has more potential to spread the disease.

Documented Spreader Events
Graphic source: https://quillette.com/2020/04/23/covid-19-superspreader-events-in-28-countries-critical-patterns-and-lessons/

Timeline of events and symptom onsets, by day of investigation, in a cluster of COVID-19 likely transmitted at two family gatherings - Chicago, Illinois, February-March 2020


Video source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/14/us/coronavirus-updates.html
The farther the better

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Transmission Factors


Transmission Factors
Graphic source: https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa1442/5910315

Viral Load Dynamics
Graphic source: https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa1442/5910315

COVID-19 seasonality
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2767010

infectious disease transmission
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-0869-5

a, Schematic of the relation between different time periods in the transmission of infectious disease. b, Human-to-human transmission pairs of SAR-CoV-2 virus (N=77). We assumed a maximum exposure window of 21 days prior to symptom onset of the secondary cases. Detailed information on the transmission pairs and the source of information is summarized in Supplementary Tables 2 and 3. c, Estimated serial interval distribution (top), inferred infectiousness profile (middle) and assumed incubation period (bottom) of COVID-19.

Viral shedding
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-0869-5

Viral load (threshold cycle (Ct) values) detected by RT–PCR (PCR with reverse transcription) in throat swabs from patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 (N=94), overall and stratified by disease severity, sex, age group and link to Hubei province. The detection limit was Ct = 40, which was used to indicate negative samples. The thick lines show the trend in viral load, using smoothing splines. We added some noise to the data points to avoid overlaps.

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Air (Airborne)Transmission


Infected after 5 minutes, from 20 feet away: South Korea study shows coronavirus’ spread indoors

Chorister- airborne transmission
Graphic source: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/27/6/21-0465-f2

Korea Study, infected 20 feet away
Graphic source: https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2020-12-09/five-minutes-from-20-feet-away-south-korean-study-shows-perils-of-indoor-dining-for-covid-19

Mask and Transmission
Graphic source: @ncdhhs

Aerosol Infection Risk
Graphic source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/08/how-to-measure-risk-airborne-coronavirus-your-office-classroom-bus-ride-cvd/

Aerosol Infection Risk
Graphic source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/08/how-to-measure-risk-airborne-coronavirus-your-office-classroom-bus-ride-cvd/

Plane exposure NATGEO

  • Bus Spread
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/tukkerloo/status/1237078414416281605

    Airborne Transmission
    Graphic source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016041202031254X?via%3Dihub

    Toilet physics
    Graphic source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/science/physics/heres-why-you-should-close-the-toilet-lid/

    Left: Vortex caused by common annular flushing. Right: Large-scale spread of virus particles after flushing. Credit: J-X Wang

    Closed Space transmission
    Graphic source: https://boston.cbslocal.com/2020/05/12/coronavirus-spread-restaurant-airflow-erin-bromage/

    Graphic shows how coronavirus spreads through air (Image credit University of Oregon)

    Where Not to Sit on the Plane
    Graphic source: https://api.nationalgeographic.com/distribution/public/amp/science/2020/01/how-coronavirus-spreads-on-a-plane

  • Back to Table of Contents


    Hand Dryer Concerns


    Back to Table of Contents


    Fecal-Oral Transmission


    Back to Table of Contents


    Fomite (Contact) Transmission


    COVID on surfaces
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/WebMD/status/1249276076146282496

    Fomite
    Graphic source: https://www.newyorker.com/science/elements/from-bats-to-human-lungs-the-evolution-of-a-coronavirus

    According to researchers at Rocky Mountain Laboratories, some viral particles remain viable up to four hours on copper, twenty-four hours on cardboard, and seventy-two hours on plastic and stainless steel, though the number of viable particles begins to decrease within minutes.


    Household Transmission


    Back to Table of Contents


    Person to Person (Droplet/Respiratory) Transmission


    Saliva chart
    Graphic source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/physics/when-you-cough-how-far-can-it-go

    Droplet Spread
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-545SP

    Subway spread
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-545SP

    Determining the necessary spacing for effective social distancing, such as for riders in a subway car, can affect the extent of disease transmission. The shaded circle (top) shows the number of people who could be directly infected by droplets from a sick person.

    Back to Table of Contents


    Sexual Transmission (Being investigated)



    Vertical Transmission



    Other Forms of Reported Transmission


    Back to Table of Contents


    COVID-19 Testing


    Collection and Analysis of Testing Data


    Data Sources

    Data Analysis

    Mitigation vs. Suppression
    Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/06/30/883703403/as-coronavirus-surges-how-much-testing-does-your-state-need-to-subdue-the-virus


    Adequacy of Testing


    "The rate of positivity is an important indicator because it can provide insights into whether a community is conducting enough testing to find cases. If a community’s positivity is high, it suggests that that community may largely be testing the sickest patients and possibly missing milder or asymptomatic cases. A lower positivity may indicate that a community is including in its testing patients with milder or no symptoms. The WHO has said that in countries that have conducted extensive testing for COVID-19, would remain at 5% or lower for at least 14 days." (Source: https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/testing/individual-states)

    Adequacy of Testing
    Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/06/30/883703403/as-coronavirus-surges-how-much-testing-does-your-state-need-to-subdue-the-virus


    Testing Basics


    Testing Basics
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/coronavirus-disease-2019-testing-basics

    Other Testing Options
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/coronavirus-disease-2019-testing-basics


    Types of Testing


    Current Available Tests
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Business%20Functions/Risk/Our%20Insights/COVID%2019%20Implications%20for%20business/COVID%2019%20May%2027/COVID-19-Facts-and-Insights-June-1-vF.ashx

    Covid Test types
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-584SP


    Testing Strategy



    Timing of Testing


    Risk-based Testing
    Updated 5/11/2020 by Betty C. Jung. Posted on Twitter

    Risk-based Testing
    Created 3/20/2020 by Betty C. Jung. Posted on Twitter

    FDA Testing Priority
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/FDAHealthEquity/status/1245036877515759619

    Testing intepretation
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2765837


    Antigen Testing


    Antigen Testing
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/lab/resources/antigen-tests-guidelines.html .

    <{?

    Molecular (CRISPR/Nucleic Acid/PCR) Testing



    Serologic (Antigen/Antibody) Testing



    Testing Integrity


    Back to Table of Contents


    Immunity


    Herd Immunity
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/coronavirus-leading-through-the-crisis/charting-the-path-to-the-next-normal/seven-keys-to-herd-immunity

    Antibody Response
    Graphic source: https://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/rapid-review-immunity-after-covid.pdf

    Antibody Kinetics
    Graphic source: https://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/rapid-review-immunity-after-covid.pdf

    To Achieve herd immunity
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/risk/our-insights/covid-19-implications-for-business?cid=other-eml-ttn-mip-mck

    Herd immunity - various diseases Herd Immunity
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/healthcare-systems-and-services/our-insights/when-will-the-covid-19-pandemic-end

    Low Vaccine Efficacy
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/healthcare-systems-and-services/our-insights/when-will-the-covid-19-pandemic-end

    Infection Timeline
    Graphic source: https://scimoms.com/how-does-covid-spread/

    Immune Response
    Graphic source: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/risk-comms-updates/update-28-covid-19-what-we-know-may-2020.pdf

    Infectivity
    Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanres/article/PIIS2213-2600(20)30230-7/fulltext

    Potential Herd Immunity
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/coronavirus-leading-through-the-crisis/charting-the-path-to-the-next-normal/us-most-likely-to-reach-covid-19-herd-immunity-in-second-half-of-2021

    Adaptive Immunity
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2770758

    naive vs. immune
    Graphic source; https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2020/8/24/21399041/covid-19-reinfection-hong-kong-case-immunity

    Herd and No Herd Immunity
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/assets/710/707975.pdf

    Herd Immunity for several diseases
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/assets/710/707975.pdf

    Herd Immunity and COVID-19
    Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/05/28/upshot/coronavirus-herd-immunity.html

    Back to Table of Contents


    Vaccination Data & Reporting



    Vaccine Guidance


    Fully vaccinated perks
    Graphic source: CDC

    Fully vaccinated visitations
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/fully-vaccinated-guidance.html

    Mammo lymph nodes, vaccines
    Graphic source: https://www.ajronline.org/doi/pdf/10.2214/AJR.21.25688


    Vaccine Development


    Vaccine Effectiveness
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7013e3.htm

    Vaccines
    Graphic source: https://publichealthcollaborative.org/resources/graphic-about-the-3-covid-19-vaccines/

    Vaccine Comparison
    Graphic source: https://www.medpagetoday.com/special-reports/exclusives/91489

    Vaccine comparison
    Graphic source: VOX

    Vaccine myths debunked
    Graphic source: https://health.clevelandclinic.org/8-common-covid-19-vaccine-myths-explained/

    MRNA vaccine works
    Graphic source: https://www.sciencealert.com/here-are-9-ways-to-discuss-the-coronavirus-vaccine-with-someone-hesitant-to-get-it

    GAO Traditional vaccine development
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-701

    Getting the vaccine
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22515/share-of-us-adults-willing-to-get-a-covid-19-vaccine/

    Vaccine Development
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/infographics/journey-of-child-vaccine.html

    Vaccine Development
    Graphic source: https://www.gatesnotes.com/Health/What-you-need-to-know-about-the-COVID-19-vaccine

    Vaccine Development
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-583SP

    Vaccine mechanisms
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-583SP

    Back to Table of Contents


    Vaccine Passports



    Breakthrough Infections



    Vaccine Reactions


    Assessing Vaccine Reactions
    Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra2035343


    Back to Table of Contents


    COVID-19 Testing Issues


    April 8, 2020 testing status
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/BillKarins/status/1247848309114523648/photo/1

    COVID-19 Testing by Country
    Graphic source: https://nationalpostcom.files.wordpress.com/2020/04/na0407-covid-19-testing-by-country.png

    Inadequate Testing/Testing Capacity

    Laboratory Reporting

    Missed Testing

    Test Quality

    Test Strategy

    Back to Table of Contents


    General Prevention Measures


    Rule of thumb: If you can't remember the names of the people you spent time with in the past 5 days, at close distance (<6 feet), for more than 15 minutes, without wearing a mask, you have probably placed yourself at risk of contracting coronavirus.(Betty C. Jung) https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1276687102332358658

    Prevent The Spread: Remember the Three Cs @YouTube

    Remediation measures
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/risk/our-insights/covid-19-implications-for-business

    Travel delay
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/when-to-delay-travel.html

    3 Ws
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/Surgeon_General/status/1297508127424872450

    Protect yourself
    Graphic source: https://www.webmd.com/lung/coronavirus-transmission-overview

    Prevention measures
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21882/chance-of-covid-19-transmission/

    VOX risk chart
    Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/2020/5/22/21266756/coronavirus-pandemic-covid-risks-social-distancing-chart

    Home with COVID

    wider health effects of lockdown
    Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/369/8243

    March 2020
    Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2020/3/26/21192211/coronavirus-covid-19-social-distancing-end

    New normal
    Graphic source: https://content-design.statista.com/the-new-normal/

    When to call 911
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/steps-when-sick.html

    Back to Table of Contents


    Consumer Information



    Behavioral Interventions


    Mar 4 2021 restrictions
    Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/live/2021/03/04/world/covid-19-coronavirus

    New Normal Protocol


    Caregiving



    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2769613


    Disinfection


    Back to Table of Contents


    Face Masks, Face Shields & Respiratory Protection


    Importantly, uncovered emulated coughs were able to travel noticeably farther than the currently recommended 6-foot distancing guideline. Without a mask, droplets traveled more than 8 feet; with a bandana, they traveled 3 feet, 7 inches; with a folded cotton handkerchief, they traveled 1 foot, 3 inches; with the stitched quilting cotton mask, they traveled 2.5 inches; and with the cone-style mask, droplets traveled about 8 inches.

    When the mannequin was not fitted with a mask, they projected droplets much farther than the 6-foot distancing guidelines currently recommended by the CDC. The researchers observed droplets traveling up to 12 feet within approximately 50 seconds. Moreover, the tracer droplets remained suspended midair for up to three minutes in the quiescent environment. These observations, in combination with other recent studies, suggest that current social-distancing guidelines may need to be updated to account for aerosol-based transmission of pathogens. (Source: https://www.fau.edu/newsdesk/articles/efficacy-facemasks-coronavirus.php)

    Mask Mandates
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7010e3.htm

    Double-masking
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7007e1.htm

    face masks and MRI
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/safety-communications/wear-face-masks-no-metal-during-mri-exams-fda-safety-communication

    Face masks don't work
    Graphic source: https://www.livescience.com/face-shield-visualization-covid-19-spread.html

    US wearing masks
    Graphic source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/08/27/more-americans-say-they-are-regularly-wearing-masks-in-stores-and-other-businesses/

    US wearing masks
    Graphic source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/08/27/more-americans-say-they-are-regularly-wearing-masks-in-stores-and-other-businesses/

    Mask and Wildfire smoke

    Droplet count
    Graphic source: https://www.physiciansweekly.com/?post_type=post&p=195055

    Relative droplet count
    Graphic source: https://www.physiciansweekly.com/?post_type=post&p=195055

    Nature surgical mask efficacy
    Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-0843-2

    When to mask

    Thorax 3 types of masks
    Graphic source: https://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2020/07/24/thoraxjnl-2020-215748

    Face Mask users
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22300/face-mask-usage-by-demographic/

    HCP died of covid

    Queen masks

    Masks on everyone
    Graphic source: WebMD

    Thai babies with face masks
    Graphic source: https://time.com/5819527/babies-face-masks-thailand/

    hate wearing a mask

    Masked cat

    Pants and masks

    Masked bunnies

    Respiratory protection
    Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/350/bmj.h694/infographic

    Face Mask States
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21687/share-of-the-public-who-have-worn-a-face-mask-in-public/

    wearing a mask

    CDC face coverings

    Effective masks
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21322/purpose-and-protective-effect-of-selected-face-masks/

    Face masks
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/WebMD/status/1253904079224541184

    Do Don't Medical Masks

    Medical Masks

    Mask Exceptions

    Back to Table of Contents


    Handwashing


    MMWR who washes their hands
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6940a2.htm

    When to wash hands
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/when-how-handwashing.html

    WHO wash your hands


    Influenza, Allergies or COVID-19


    COVID-19 or Allergies
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/CDCemergency/status/1377974108781174788

    COVID-19 or Flu
    Graphic source: CDC

    Flu vs. COVID
    Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/941509


    Mental Health and Wellness


    Pandemic Fatigue
    Graphic source: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-squeaky-wheel/202008/10-signs-you-have-pandemic-fatigue-and-how-cope

    Stressmanagement
    Graphic source: https://www.medicalcenter.virginia.edu/population-health/counselors-corner/covid-19-mental-health-stress-management-resources

    Depression
    Graphic source: https://time.com/5886228/depression-covid-19-pandemic/

    Relative Importance, a Facebook posting

    COVID and mental health
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6932a1.htm

    Make a difference
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/how-you-can-make-difference-during-coronavirus-pandemic

    Model from Jean

    Loneliness

    Mental Wellness

    Back to Table of Contents


    Nutrition and Food Safety



    Sanitizers


    Sanitizer poisonings
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6932e1.htm


    Self-care


    Outside Activity Risks
    Graphic source: https://www.ipsos.com/en-us/news-polls/axios-ipsos-coronavirus-index

    Back to Table of Contents


    Sexual Relationships


    COVID and safe sex
    Graphic source: @OHAOregon


    Sheltering in Place/Lockdowns/Quarantine


    COVID lifestyle
    Graphic source: https://www.marketingcharts.com/digital/video-114571

    Activity during lockdown
    Graphic source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/06/200617194510.htm

    Self-care
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/10Things.pdf


    Social Distancing


    Celebration Risks
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/large-events/considerations-for-events-gatherings.html

    Social Distancing
    Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m3223

    beach tips
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/parks-rec/public-beaches.html

    social activities
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/personal-social-activities.html

    Owl social distancing


    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/large-events/considerations-for-events-gatherings.html

    Social Distancing
    Graphic: Medpage

    Earlier Controls
    Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/20/us/coronavirus-distancing-deaths.html


    Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/20/us/coronavirus-distancing-deaths.html

    Social distancing
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21198/effect-of-social-distancing-signer-lab/


    Sports and Athletics


    NFL mitigation
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7004e2.htm

    High Prevalence of Pericardial Involvement in College Student-Athletes Recovering From COVID-19 (11/2020)

    Athletes pericarditis
    Graphic source:

    https://www.jacc.org/doi/10.1016/j.jcmg.2020.10.023

    Social distance while exercising: 4-5 meters (13-16 feet) if walking, 10 meters (32 feet) if running and 20 meters (65 feet) if cycling. Source: https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2020/05/13/12/53/exercise-and-athletics-in-the-covid-19-pandemic-era

    COVID-19 Return-to-Play Algorithm for Competitive Athlete and Highly Active People. COVID-19 indicates coronavirus disease 2019; hsTn, high-sensitivity troponin I; RTP, return to play.

    Sports recommendations
    Graphic source: https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2020/05/13/12/53/exercise-and-athletics-in-the-covid-19-pandemic-era


    Substance Use


    Back to Table of Contents


    Travel


    Travel
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-during-covid19.html

    Before Travel
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-during-covid19.html

    After Travel
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-during-covid19.html

    Travel Tips
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-in-the-us.html

    Back to Table of Contents


    Public Health Management & Guidance


    Community guidance
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6949e2.htm

    Community Mitigation

    Flatten the Curve
    Graphic source; Information is Beautiful

    Clinical Disaster Planning Framework
    Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2020/Final_COCA_Call_Slides_04_17_2020.pdf

    flowchart
    Graphic source: Initial Flowchart to Identify and Assess 2019 Novel Coronavirus (Historical) (https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/identify-assess-flowchart.htm Historical


    Agriculture Workers and Employers



    Airline Travel; In-flight transmission


    In-flight Transmission: Dubai to New Zealand

    Dubai-NZ transmission
    Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/07/health/coronavirus-airline-passengers-outbreak.html

    Phylogenetic tree of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viruses isolated from passengers and airline crew members who traveled on the same flight from Boston, Massachusetts, USA, to Hong Kong, China. Human SARS-CoV-2 WIV04 is selected to be the root of this phylogenetic tree.

    Boston to Hong Kong
    Graphic source: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26/11/20-3254-f1

    Transmission of SARS-CoV 2 During Long-Haul Flight: Seating location of passengers on Vietnam Airlines flight 54 from London, UK, to Hanoi, Vietnam, on March 2, 2020, for whom severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection was later confirmed.

    Vietnam to London
    Graphic source: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26/11/20-3299-f1

    SARS-CoV 2 transmission: Australia to New Zealand

    Switzerland to New Zealand
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1334132700299583489

    Percent of contacts by seating position across all flights. Note the declining number of contacts to the right as distance from the aisle increases.

    Contact and seat location on plane
    Graphic source: https://www.pnas.org/content/115/14/3623

    Schematic Diagram of the Boeing 737-300 Aircraft on Flight 2 from Hong Kong to Beijing (2003 SARS)

    Boeing HK to Beijing exposure
    Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa031349

    Frequency of Transmission on Three Aircraft Carrying One or More Persons Given a Diagnosis of a Probable Case of SARS.

    3 flights SARS exposure
    Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa031349


    Bars/Coffee Shops/Restaurants


    Adjusted odds ratio (aOR)* and 95% confidence intervals for community exposures† associated with confirmed COVID-19 among symptomatic adults aged ≥18 years (N = 314) - United States, July 1-29, 2020

    Restaurant Transmission
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6936a5.htm

    Bar visits and Positive COVID tests
    Graphic source: https://time.com/5867751/bars-covid/


    Community Mitigation


    Confirmed COVID-19 cases, associated hospitalizations, and deaths reported to Delaware Division of Public Health, by week, and COVID-19 mitigation efforts -Delaware Department of Health and Social Services, March 9-June 15, 2020 (MMWR)

    Delaware Mitigation
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6945e1.htm

    Community Mitigation
    Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/927860


    Concert Venues


    Back to Table of Contents


    Congregate Facilities


    childcare outbreaks
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6937e3.htm

    Back to Table of Contents


    Correctional and Detention Facilities


    Brief Exposures
    Graphic source: https://earthsky.org/human-world/epidemiologist-explains-cdc-guidance-15-minutes-covid19-exposure

    US prison COVID cases
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21895/covid-in-prison-system/

    Prisoncases
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22029/number-of-covid-19-cases-in-the-following-locations/

    US prisons
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21895/covid-in-prison-system/

    COVID-19 in Prisons
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6919e1.htm


    Cruise Ships



    Essential Workers



    Fitness Industry


    Gym exposure
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7009e2.htm

    Back to Table of Contents


    Health Care Facilities: Long-term Care, Outpatient & Skilled Nursing Facilities Guidance


    Nursing Home Deaths
    Graphic source: AHCA/NCAL

    Long term facilities-Cases
    Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/patterns-in-covid-19-cases-and-deaths-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-2020/ M

    Long term facilities - Deaths
    Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/patterns-in-covid-19-cases-and-deaths-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-2020/ M

    Long-term facilities cases and deaths vs. Overall COVID cases and deaths
    Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/patterns-in-covid-19-cases-and-deaths-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-2020/ M

    Weekly Confirmed COVID-19 Cases and Deaths among U.S. Nursing Home Residents and Staff, as Reported by Medicare- and Medicaid-Certified Nursing Homes, Weeks Ending May 31, 2020 through October 4, 2020

    Nursing Homes
    Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/reports/GAO-21-191/#Highlights

    Nursing home cases rising
    Graphic source: https://www.ahcancal.org/News/news_releases/Pages/DATA-Nursing-Homes-See-Spike-in-New-COVID-Cases-Due-to-Community-Spread.aspx

    community spread causes rise in nursing home cases
    Graphic source: https://www.ahcancal.org/News/news_releases/Pages/DATA-Nursing-Homes-See-Spike-in-New-COVID-Cases-Due-to-Community-Spread.aspx

    Nursing home deaths
    Graphic source: https://www.ahcancal.org/News/news_releases/Pages/DATA-Nursing-Homes-See-Spike-in-New-COVID-Cases-Due-to-Community-Spread.aspx

    Rising nursing home cases
    Graphic source: https://www.cnn.com/2020/08/14/health/nursing-home-rise-in-covid-wellness/index.html

    Long-term Care Facilities Data
    Graphic source: https://www.cms.gov/files/document/covid-nursing-home-reporting-numbers-5-31-20.pdf

    Assisted Living Facilities Deaths
    Graphic source: https://time.com/5843260/assisted-living-facilities-covid-19/


    Manufacturing. Mining and Meat Processing Plant Guidance


    Meat Processing Plant COVID-19
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6931a2.htm

    Meat Processing infections
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/CDCgov/status/1280551663938555910


    Mental Health Guidance



    Personal Care Services


    Wear a mask
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6928e2.htm

    Back to Table of Contents


    Schools & Colleges


    Surveillance Testing in Colleges
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7014a5.htm

    Covid risk
    Graphic source: CDC

    Wisconsin Schools
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7004e3.htm

    COVID-19 for kids
    Graphic source: https://www.medicalcenter.virginia.edu/population-health/counselors-corner/covid-19-mental-health-stress-management-resources

    Colleges with COVID

    COVID children spread

    CT reopening school
    Graphic source: https://patch.com/connecticut/across-ct/lamont-issues-new-guidelines-when-schools-should-open

    Inperson schooling
    Graphic source: https://apnews.com/b133f482b2eba88f8bd733e2d15d13ae

    Reopening Schools
    Graphic source: https://apnews.com/b133f482b2eba88f8bd733e2d15d13ae

    reopening schools - who's at risk
    Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/WEB-Who-is-at-Risk-of-Coronavirus-Teachers-Seniors_1-2.png

    Reopening Schools
    Graphic source: https://www.nationalacademies.org/news/2020/07/schools-should-prioritize-reopening-in-fall-2020-especially-for-grades-k-5-while-weighing-risks-and-benefits

    Back to School Risks
    Graphic source: https://www.ipsos.com/en-us/news-polls/axios-ipsos-coronavirus-index

    CDC and Other Guidance for Reopening Schools

    General Info


    Transportation



    Ventilation/Air Conditioning


    Ventilation
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/Improving-Ventilation-Home.html

    Air Purification
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/advanced-electronics/our-insights/can-hvac-systems-help-prevent-transmission-of-covid-19

    Air Filters
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/advanced-electronics/our-insights/can-hvac-systems-help-prevent-transmission-of-covid-19

    AC transmission
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/advanced-electronics/our-insights/can-hvac-systems-help-prevent-transmission-of-covid-19

    Airborne Spread
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/advanced-electronics/our-insights/can-hvac-systems-help-prevent-transmission-of-covid-19


    Youth-based Activities


    Back to Table of Contents


    Medical Management


    Treatment Guidelines


    JAMA guidelines
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2760782

    COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines (4/21/2020)

    Summary Recommendations
    Graphic source: https://covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov/overview/

    COVID19 Disease Progression
    Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2020/4/8/21207269/covid-19-coronavirus-risk-factors

    Back to Table of Contents


    Medical Management - General Information


    Caring for Critically Ill
    Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/928177

    Remote Management
    Graphic source; https://www.bmj.com/content/368/bmj.m1182

    COVID-19 Primary Care
    Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/coronavirus

    Ventilator Talking points
    Graphic source: What You Should Know Before You Need a Ventilator https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/04/opinion/coronavirus-ventilators.html

    COVID-19 therapeutics
    Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2020/Final_COCA_Call_Slides_04_17_2020.pdf

    Convalescent Plamsa
    Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2020/Final_COCA_Call_Slides_04_17_2020.pdf

    NYC nCoV management

    Back to Table of Contents


    Health Services


    ICU staffing
    Graphic source: https://sccm.org/Blog/March-2020/United-States-Resource-Availability-for-COVID-19

    Future of COVID-19 care
    Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2020/Final_COCA_Call_Slides_04_17_2020.pdf

    Back to Table of Contents


    Healthcare Provider Protection


    NYC DOH
    Graphic source: https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/imm/covid-19-providers-dear-colleague-updates.pdf

    PPE
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/A_FS_HCP_COVID19_PPE.pdf

    N95 vs KN95 masks
    Graphic source: https://smartairfilters.com/en/blog/whats-the-difference-between-n95-and-kn95-masks/

    Back to Table of Contents


    General Medical Issues


    JAMA transmission, symptoms, complications
    Graphic source; https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2768391


    Bioethics



    Co-infections



    COVID-19 in Children


    Children with COVID
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22537/covid-among-american-children/


    COVID-19 in Young Adults



    COVID-19 in the Elderly


    Delerium Interventions
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2777684


    Anticoagulation & Hematological Issues


    Anticoagulation tx
    Graphic source: https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.2020201629


    Auditory Issues



    Autoimmune Disease Issues



    Cardiovascular Issues


    Heart Attacks and Covid
    Graphic source: https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa1067/6128749

    COVID-19 damages the heart
    Graphic source: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2020/09/23/science.abe2813

    heart disease treatment with COVID-19
    Graphic source: https://www.onlinejacc.org/content/accj/early/2020/07/01/j.jacc.2020.06.068.full.pdf


    Dermatology Issues



    Endocrine/Exocrine; Diabetes and Blood Sugar Issues



    Drug Issues


    Twelve-month provisional drug overdose death counts for all drugs, synthetic opioids, cocaine, and psychostimulants, for 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City: 12-months ending in June 2019 to 12-months ending in May 2020

    rise in ODs with COVID-19
    Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/2020/han00438.asp?ACSTrackingID=USCDC_1026-DM45245&ACSTrackingLabel=December%202020%20Drug%20Overdose%20Update

    : Percentage change in 12-months ending provisional data on all fatal drug overdoses, 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City: Overdose deaths from 12-months ending in June 2019 to 12-months ending in May 2020

    ODs and COVID-19
    Map source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/2020/han00438.asp?ACSTrackingID=USCDC_1026-DM45245

    Percentage change in 12-months ending provisional count of fatal overdoses involving synthetic opioids, 36 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City: Deaths from 12-months ending in June 2019 to 12-months ending in May 2020

    Rise in ODs and COVID-19
    Map source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/2020/han00438.asp?ACSTrackingID=USCDC_1026-DM45245


    Endocrine System



    Environmental Issues



    Eye Issues



    Gastrointestinal Issues



    Immune System



    Kidney Dialysis and Renal Issues


    Pathophysiology of acute kidney injury in COVID-19 (ACE2 = angiotensin-converting enzyme 2; SARS-CoV-2 = severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2).

    Acute Kidney Injury
    Graphic source: https://www.ccjm.org/content/87/10/619

    Back to Table of Contents


    Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Adults Associated with COVID-19 (MIS-A),



    Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Associated with COVID-19 (MIS-C), previously known as Pediatric Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome (PMIS, or MIS-C)


    MIS-C
    Graphic source: https://www.cell.com/trends/microbiology/fulltext/S0966-842X(20)30265-1

    MIS-C case Definition
    Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/2020/han00432.asp


    Neurological Issues



    Olfactory System



    Psychiatric Issues



    Reproductive and Sexual Issues


    COVID-19 and pregnancy
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6938e2.htm

    COVID-19 and pregnancy
    Graphic Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6925a1.htm

    Back to Table of Contents


    Respiratory and Lung Issues


    Normal, Smokers and COVID lungs
    Graphic source: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/covid-lungs-scarring-smokers-lungs/

    Prone positioning
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2769872

    Pseudostratified epithelium of the trachea showing goblet and ciliate cells.(prime target)

    COVID target cells
    Graphic source:https://www.zmescience.com/science/cells-vulnerable-to-covid-identified-26243/

    Ventilation
    Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009575

    Back to Table of Contents


    Sequelae [AKA Long-Hauler Syndrome; Post-acute covid-19; post-COVID syndrome, also known as Long COVID; Post-Acute Sequelae of Covid-19 {PASC}]


    Acute and Long Covid symptoms
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2776560

    Long Covid
    Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m3026

    Pain that lingers
    Graphic source: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/07/brain-fog-heart-damage-covid-19-s-lingering-problems-alarm-scientists

    Sequelae
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6930e1.htm

    Self-reported symptoms at the time of positive SARS-CoV-2 reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing results and unresolved symptoms 14-21 days later among outpatients (N = 274) - 14 academic health care systems, United States, March-June 2020

    sequelae symptoms
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6930e1.htm

    COVID-19 sequelae
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2768351


    Stroke



    Thyroid Issues


    Back to Table of Contents


    Potential Treatments


    COVID Treatments
    Graphic source: Georgios D. Kitsios, CC BY-ND Treatments for COVID-19 and their timing. https://heavy.com/news/covid19-coronavirus-treatments/

    Candidate Therapies
    Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009575

    Convalescent Plasma

    Dexamethasone

    Hydroxychloroquine

    Il-7

    Interferon

    Interferon treatment
    Graphic source: https://www.ccjm.org/content/early/2020/12/01/ccjm.87a.ccc066

    Ivermectin

    Llama Antibodies

    Monoclonal Antibodies

    Remdesivir

    Remdesivir study
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2769871

    Synthetic/Monoclonal Antibodies

    Other

    Back to Table of Contents


    Health Services Issues


    COVID and chronic disease medical care
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6925e2.htm

    COVID affect ER services
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6923e1.htm

    COVID-10 AMI
    Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2015630

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    Background and Related Resources

    General Background Information


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    China - Initial COVID-19 Epicenter


    Sars vs Sars2
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762130

    Epi curve
    Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762130

    China covid spread
    Graphic source; https://www.bbc.com/news/world-51235105#

    nCoV
    Graphic source: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51202000#

    Cases and Deaths nCoV
    Graphic source: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/06/whistleblower-chinese-doctor-dies-from-coronavirus

    Case-fatality Rates
    Graphic source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/02/life-inside-wuhan-coronavirus-quarantine/

    China Epicenter


    Why new diseases keep appearing in China

    Do not travel to China
    Graphic source: https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/new-coronavirus-outbreak-declared-global-public-health-emergency-who-says-n1126836

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    Coronaviruses


    Novel coronaviruses over time
    Graphic source: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/who-convened-global-study-of-origins-of-sars-cov-2-china-part-annexes.pdf

    Outbreak Containment
    Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2000929

    Coronavirus comparison
    Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/01/22/798277557/how-does-wuhan-coronavirus-compare-to-mers-sars-and-the-common-cold


    Graphic source: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/01/21/china-coronavirus-outbreak-cdc-first-us-case-washington-state/4532063002/

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    Disinformation, Misinformation, Myths


    COVID info sources
    Graphic source: https://usafactscms.azureedge.net/media/documents/State_of_the_Facts_2020_-_COVID-19.pdf

    Trustworthy COVID info
    Graphic source: https://usafactscms.azureedge.net/media/documents/State_of_the_Facts_2020_-_COVID-19.pdf

    Factual COVID data
    Graphic source: https://usafactscms.azureedge.net/media/documents/State_of_the_Facts_2020_-_COVID-19.pdf

    Trump spreads miracle cure misinformation
    Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/coronavirus-covid19/21497221/donald-trump-covid-19-coronavirus-news-misinformation-study

    Medpage Fake News
    Graphic source: https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/covid19/87605

    misinformation types
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22527/composition-of-covid-19-misinformation/

    misinformation sources
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21693/misinformation-on-covid-in-america/

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    History of Epidemics, Pandemics


    Pandemic Deaths
    Graphic source: Washington Post Coronavirus Updates

    Economics and plagues
    Graphic source: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/368/6492/700


    Infectious Diseases

    Contagiousness
    Graphic source: http://www.vox.com/2016/4/19/11450396/zika-virus-contagious-ebola-measles

    Microbe Scope 2016
    Graphic source: http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/the-microbescope-infectious-diseases-in-context/

    Microbe Scope 2014
    Graphic source: http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/the-microbescope/

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    Reopening Issues


    Muted Recovery
    Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/risk/our-insights/covid-19-implications-for-business

    Reopening State status
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22155/status-of-us-state-reopenings/

    Harris County, TX
    Graphic source: https://www.readyharris.org/Stay-Safe

    What you can do
    Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/world/coronavirus-maps.html#countries

    wrong direction
    Graphic source: https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/covid19/87362

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    Second Wave


    Government Response
    Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/369/bmj.m1932

    Quarantine
    Graphic source:https://www.futurity.org/reopening-economy-public-health-covid-19-2366532-2/

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    Social Media


    What Gen Z and Millennials Share Online About COVID-19

    Gen z Millennials - COVID content
    Graphic source: https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/social-media-covid-19-a-global-study-of-digital-crisis-interaction-among-gen-z-and-millennials

    Facebook and COVID-19
    Graphic source: https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/24/as-covid-19-emerged-in-u-s-facebook-posts-about-it-appeared-in-a-wide-range-of-public-pages-groups/

    Facebook and COVID-19
    Graphic source: https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/24/as-covid-19-emerged-in-u-s-facebook-posts-about-it-appeared-in-a-wide-range-of-public-pages-groups/

    Facebook volume March 2020
    Graphic source: https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/24/as-covid-19-emerged-in-u-s-facebook-posts-about-it-appeared-in-a-wide-range-of-public-pages-groups/

    Facebook types of websites
    Graphic source: https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/24/news-organizations-were-most-prominent-source-in-covid-19-content-shared-in-public-facebook-spaces/

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    Strategic Planning for Reopening the U.S.

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    Unintended Consequences & Unforeseen Issues


    Video source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1253938448811077632

    Calculated trends in geophysical PM2.5 values from 1998-2018. Warm colours indicate positive trends and cool colours negative trends. The opacity of the colours indicates the statistical significance of the trends. Credit: Martin Lab

    COVID and climate effects
    Map source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/earth/earth-sciences/global-pollution-mapped-for-good-and-bad/

    Carbon emissions drop

    normal returns
    Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146741/nitrogen-dioxide-levels-rebound-in-china

    normal returns
    Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146741/nitrogen-dioxide-levels-rebound-in-china

    normal returns
    Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146741/nitrogen-dioxide-levels-rebound-in-china

    CO2 declines
    Graphic source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/climate-environment/2020/05/19/greenhouse-emissions-coronavirus/

    Wuhan Cleaner air
    Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146362/airborne-nitrogen-dioxide-plummets-over-china

    Cleaner air in 3 months
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21495/no2-in-the-air-selected-cities/

    Clearer Air
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21424/no2-concentration-selected-cities/

    Wuhan Clean Air
    Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146362/airborne-nitrogen-dioxide-plummets-over-china

    India emissions down
    Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146596/airborne-particle-levels-plummet-in-northern-india

    Emissions down

    Tickets

    Stay at home festival

    Behavioral & Health Changes

    Education Changes

    Environmental Changes

    NYC water turbidity
    Graphic source: https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/agu-panel-explores-environmental-impacts-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-as-observed-from-space

    Wuhan
    Graphic source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/health/medicine/covid-news-and-trends-20-november/

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    Health Issues

    Health Services Changes

    Delay in medical care
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6936a4.htm

    Mental Health Changes

    Nature Changes

    Animals and COVID-19
    Old World primates and great apes have identical amino acids at the binding site to humans and are predicted to be at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. (Infographic by Matt Verdolivo/UC Davis)
    Graphic source: https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/genomic-analysis-reveals-many-animal-species-may-be-vulnerable-sars-cov-2-infection

    Societal Changes

    Post-pandemic
    Graphic source: https://www.marketingcharts.com/charts/consumers-activities-post-pandemic/attachment/tivo-consumer-activities-post-pandemic-mar2021

    Behavior Changes due to COVID
    Graphic source: https://www.marketingcharts.com/charts/us-adults-activities-since-covid-19-started/attachment/mckinsey-new-behaviors-since-covid-19-dec2020

    COVID impacts tourism

    Technological Changes

    Online Threat
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21286/known-coronavirus-related-malicious-online-threats/

    • More than half of Twitter's Reopen America calls from bots, study finds. Fear is a familiar political weapon, and it appears to be just as effective as it's always been. 6/2020

      • https://tools.cdc.gov/medialibrary/index.aspx#/media/id/403627

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        PUBLISHED ON THE WEB: March 30, 2020
        Updated: 4/18/2021 R10,502
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