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July - September 2017


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March 13, 2009
Blog Excellent Content Award is presented to those blogs whose content provides useful, instructive information, shows superior design and has achieved levels of excellence deserving of recognition. San Diego real estate blog

    • July 31, 2017 - People Smoke Where Cigarettes Are Cheap

      Where smoking is cheap
      Graphic source: http://big.assets.huffingtonpost.com/SmokingCessation_1.png
    • July 28, 2017 - July 28th is World Hepatitis Day

      World Hepatitis Day
      Graphic source: http://www.who.int/campaigns/hepatitis-day/2016/messages/en/
      World Hepatitis Day
      Graphic source: http://www.who.int/campaigns/hepatitis-day/2016/messages/en/
    • July 27, 2017 - Tobacco Deaths Will Rise If We Don't Stop Smoking

      Tobacco deaths will rise if we don't stop smoking
      Graphic source: http://www.treatobacco.net/en/uploads/image/Policy%20kf2.jpg
    • For more information, see Treatobacco.net

    • July 26, 2017 - A Chain-Smoking Science Machine

    • July 25, 2017 - Tobacco-Related Cancer Cases

      Annual age-adjusted rate* of tobacco-related cancer† cases (2009–2013) and trends§ in rates (2004–2013), by state — National Program of Cancer Registries, and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, United States

      Tobacco-related Cancers
      Map source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6544a3.htm

    • July 24, 2017 - Adverse Health Outcomes from Smoking

      Health Effects of Smoking
      Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/infographics/health-effects/images/pie_2015oct.jpg
    • July 21, 2017 - Health Consequences of Smoking

      Health Consequences of smoking
      Graphic source: https://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/brp/tcrb/monographs/21/docs/m21_complete.pdf
    • July 20, 2017 - 48th Anniversary - July 20, 1969

      Man on the Moon
      Graphic Source: http://justasmalltowngirlinabigcity.blogspot.com/ 2015_07_01_archive.html
      man on the moon stamp
      Graphic Source: http://nasa-appolo-11.blogspot.com/
    • July 19, 2017 - Smoking Costs & Casualties

      Costs and Casualties of smoking
      Graphic source: http://www.mdanderson.org/newsroom/news-releases/2013/tobaccosmokingmyths.html
    • July 18, 2017 - Smoking of Electronic Cigarettes on Aircraft

      "The Department is proposing in this NPRM to explicitly ban the use of electronic cigarettes on aircraft as there has been some confusion over whether the Department's ban on smoking of tobacco products includes a ban on use of electronic cigarettes. We see no reason to treat electronic cigarettes any differently than traditional cigarettes. The purpose behind the statutory ban on smoking aboard aircraft and the regulatory ban in part 252 on smoking tobacco products was to improve air quality within the aircraft, reduce the risk of adverse health effects on passengers and crewmembers, and enhance aviation safety and passenger comfort. Electronic cigarettes are generally designed to look like and to be used in the same manner as conventional cigarettes. Although a vapor, rather than smoke, is produced, the products require an inhalation and exhalation similar to smoking cigarettes. We are unaware of sufficient studies on the health impact on third parties from these vapors to conclude that they would not negatively impact the air quality within the aircraft and/or increase the risk of adverse health effects on passengers and crewmembers.

      Each e-cigarette consists of three parts: The replaceable cartridge, which most often contains liquid nicotine but may contain other chemicals, the atomizer or heating element, and the battery and electronics. See Sottera Inc. v. Food & Drug Administration, 627 F.3d 891, 893 (D.C. Cir 2010). Theatomizer or heating element vaporizes the liquid inside the cartridge, and the battery and electronics power the atomizer and monitor air flow. Id. When the user inhales, the electronics detect the air flow and activate the atomizer, the liquid nicotine is vaporized, and the user inhales the vapor. Id.

      Some electronic cigarette companies have claimed that their products are safe because they reportedly do not contain carcinogens or tar or produce second-hand smoke, as there is no combustion in their use. According to these arguments, while the vapor looks and feels, and may taste, like smoke produced by burning traditional tobacco products, its chemistry differs from the smoke produced from burning conventional tobacco products. The principal liquid ingredient is propylene glycol, which is widely used as a moistening food additive and an aid to vaporization. However, some research, conducted on non-asthmatic people, has shown that exposure to propylene glycol mist from artificial smoke generators may cause acute ocular and upper airway irritation, and in a few cases people reacted with cough and slight airway obstruction. See G Wieslander, D Norbäck, and T Lindgren, “Experimental exposure to propylene glycol mist in aviation emergency training: Acute ocular and respiratory effects,”Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2001; 58:649-655. Further, in a recent New England Journal of Medicine article, “E-Cigarette or Drug-Delivery Device? Regulating Novel Nicotine Products,” it was noted that the safety of inhaling propylene glycol has not been studied in humans. 365;3: 193-95.

    • July 17, 2017 - Cigarette Smoking Status* Among Current Adult E-cigarette Users,† by Age Group — National Health Interview Survey,§ United States, 2015

      E-cigs and smoking status
      Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6542a7.htm

      * Adults were asked if they had smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and, if yes, whether they currently smoked cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all. Those who smoked every day or some days were classified as current cigarette smokers. Adults who had not smoked 100 cigarettes were classified as never cigarette smokers. Adults who had smoked 100 cigarettes but were not smoking at the time of interview were classified as former cigarette smokers. Percentages are shown with 95% confidence intervals.

      † Current e-cigarette use was based on responses of“every day”or“some days”to the question,“Do you currently use electronic cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?”asked of adults who had ever tried an e-cigarette, even one time.

      § Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the noninstitutionalized U.S. civilian population aged ≥18 years and are derived from the National Health Interview Survey sample adult component.

      In 2015, 3.5% of U.S. adults were current e-cigarette users. Among adult e-cigarette users overall, 58.8% also were current cigarette smokers, 29.8% were former cigarette smokers, and 11.4% had never been cigarette smokers. Among current e-cigarette users aged ≥45 years, 98.7% were either current or former cigarette smokers, and 1.3% had never been cigarette smokers. In contrast, among current e-cigarette users aged 18–24 years, 40.0% had never been cigarette smokers.

      Source: Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2015 data

    • July 14, 2017 - Non-smokers Who Ever Tried E-Cigarettes

      Percentage of adults who had never smoked cigarettes and who had ever tried an e-cigarette, by age: United States, 2014

      Ecig stats
      Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

      Among adults who had never smoked cigarettes, the percentage who had ever tried an e-cigarette, even one time, was highest for those aged 18–24 (9.7%) and declined as age increased Among adults aged 45 and over who had never smoked cigarettes, 1% or less had ever tried an e-cigarette even once.

      For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

    • July 13, 2017 - Cigarette Smokers Who Tried E-Cigarettes

      Percentage of adult current cigarette smokers who had ever tried and percentage who currently use e-cigarettes, by past year cigarette smoking quit attempt status: United States, 2014

      Ecig stats
      Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

      Current cigarette smokers who had tried to quit smoking in the past year were more likely than smokers who had not tried to quit to have ever tried an e-cigarette (Figure 4). Current cigarette smokers who had tried to quit in the past year (20.3%) were almost twice as likely as cigarette smokers who had not tried to quit (11.8%) to currently use e-cigarettes.

      For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

    • July 12, 2017 - Those Who Ever Tried & Those Who Currently Use E-Cigarettes

      Percentage of adults who had ever tried and percentage who currently use e-cigarettes, by cigarette smoking status: United States, 2014

      Ecig stats
      Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

      Almost one-half of current cigarette smokers (47.6%) and more than one-half of recent former cigarette smokers (55.4%) had ever tried an e-cigarette, compared with 8.9% of long-term former smokers and 3.2% of adults who had never smoked cigarettes (Figure 3). About one in six current cigarette smokers (15.9%) and nearly one in four recent former cigarette smokers (22.0%) currently used e-cigarettes, compared with 2.3% of long-term former cigarette smokers and 0.4% of adults who had never smoked cigarettes.

      For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

    • July 11, 2017 - Those Who Currently Use E-Cigarettes

      Percentage of adults who currently use e-cigarettes, by sex, age, and race and Hispanic or Latino origin: United States, 2014

      Ecig stats
      Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

      Current use of e-cigarettes was about the same for men and women. Current e-cigarette use was higher among non-Hispanic AIAN adults (10.7%) and non-Hispanic white adults (4.6%) than among Hispanic (2.1%), non-Hispanic black (1.8%), and non-Hispanic Asian (1.5%) adults.

      For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

    • July 10, 2017 - Those Who Have Ever Tried E-Cigarettes

      Percentage of adults who had ever tried an e-cigarette in their lifetime, by sex, age, and race and Hispanic or Latino origin: United States, 2014

      Ecig stats
      Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

      Men were more likely than women to have ever tried an e-cigarette. More than 20% of adults aged 18–24 had ever tried an e-cigarette, with use declining steadily as age increased.

      Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) adults (20.2%) and non-Hispanic white adults (14.8%) were more likely than Hispanic (8.6%), non-Hispanic black (7.1 %), and non-Hispanic Asian (6.2%) adults to have ever tried an e-cigarette.

      For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

    • July 7, 2017 - The Dangers of E-Cigarettes

      Number of calls to poison centers for cigarette or e-cigarette exposures, by month — United States, September 2010–February 2014

      Dangers of E-cigs


      Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6313a4.htm
      According to the April 4, 2014 MMWR Report, "Calls to Poison Centers for Exposures to Electronic Cigarettes — United States, September 2010–February 2014"
      • "E-cigarettes accounted for an increasing proportion of combined monthly e-cigarette and cigarette exposure calls, increasing from 0.3% in September 2010 to 41.7% in February 2014. A greater proportion of e-cigarette exposure calls came from health-care facilities than cigarette exposure calls (12.8% versus 5.9%) (p<0.001). Cigarette exposures were primarily among persons aged 0–5 years (94.9%), whereas e-cigarette exposures were mostly among persons aged 0–5 years (51.1%) and >20 years (42.0%). E-cigarette exposures were more likely to be reported as inhalations (16.8% versus 2.0%), eye exposures (8.5% versus 0.1%), and skin exposures (5.9% versus 0.1%), and less likely to be reported as ingestions (68.9% versus 97.8%) compared with cigarette exposures (p<0.001).
      • Calls about exposures to e-cigarettes, which were first marketed in the United States in 2007, now account for 41.7% of combined monthly e-cigarette and cigarette exposure calls to PCs. The proportion of calls from health-care facilities, age distribution, exposure routes, and report of adverse health effects differed significantly between the two types of cigarette."
      • Citation source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6313a4.htm
    • July 6, 2017 - E-cigarettes and Combustible Tobacco Products

      9th graders e-cigs
      Graphic source: https://si.wsj.net/public/resources/images/NA-CG869A_ECIG_16U_20150818133007.jpg

      For more information, see Study Finds Ninth-Graders Who Used E-Cigarettes More Likely to Smoke WSJ.com

    • July 5, 2017 - Teens & Likelihood to Start Smoking & What They Think Are in E-Cigarettes

      Ecig Teen Exposure
      Graphic source: https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/infographics/teens-e-cigarettes
    • July 4, 2017 - Happy Birthday, America!

      Lotsafireworks
      Graphic source: https://giphy.com/gifs/26tOZ42Mg6pbTUPHW/download
      Patriotic cat
      Graphic source: WP FactChecker
      HB America, eagle
      Graphic source: http://www.texasfred.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Happy-Birthday-America-600x407.jpg
      HB America
      Graphic source: http://www.usa4thofjuly.com/happy-birthday-america-pictures.html/happy-birthday-america-pictures-2
      Happy 4th of July
      Graphic source: http://finkorswim.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/statue.jpg
      animated fireworks
      Graphic source: http://www.popsci.com/fireworks-bring-exhileration-joyand-air-pollution
    • July 3, 2017 - Teens & Exposure to E-Cigarette Advertising

      Ecig Teen Exposure
      Graphic source: https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/infographics/teens-e-cigarettes
    • June 30, 2017 - E-cigarettes & Teens

      Ecig Teen Exposure
      Graphic source: https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/infographics/teens-e-cigarettes
    • June 29, 2017 - E-cigs & Teens

      According to 4/16/2015's "Use of E-Cigarettes Rises Sharply Among Teenagers,"

      • "High-School Tobacco Use Among high school students, e-cigarette use is growing rapidly, while the use of more traditional forms of tobacco, like cigarettes and cigars, is declining.
      • Use of the devices among middle- and high school students tripled from 2013 to 2014, according to federal data released on Thursday, bringing the share of high school students who use them to 13 percent — more than smoke traditional cigarettes. The sharp rise, together with a substantial increase in the use of hookah pipes, led to 400,000 additional young people using a tobacco product in 2014, the first increase in years, though researchers pointed out it fell within the margin of error. About a quarter of all high school students and 8 percent of middle school students — 4.6 million young people altogether — used tobacco in some form last year.
      • In interviews, teenagers said that e-cigarettes had become almost as common at school as laptops, a change from several years ago, when few had seen the gadgets. But opinions were mixed on why they had caught on. A significant share said they were using the devices to quit smoking cigarettes or marijuana, while others said they had never smoked but liked being part of the trend and enjoyed the taste — two favorite flavors were Sweet Tart and Unicorn Puke, which one student described as “every flavor Skittle compressed into one.”
      • The rise of e-cigarettes, which was captured in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s annual youth tobacco survey of about 20,000 schoolchildren, prompted an outcry from anti-tobacco advocates. They warned that e-cigarettes were undoing years of progress among the country’s most vulnerable citizens by making the act of puffing on a tobacco product normal again, and by introducing nicotine, an addictive substance, to a broad population of teenagers.
      • “This is a really bad thing,” said Dr. Thomas R. Frieden, the director of the C.D.C., who noted that research had found that nicotine harms the developing brain. “This is another generation being hooked by the tobacco industry. It makes me angry.”
      • But the change had a bright side.. The decline in cigarette use among teenagers accelerated substantially from 2013 to 2014, dropping by 25 percent, the fastest pace in years. The pattern seemed to go against the dire predictions of anti-tobacco advocates that e-cigarettes would become a gateway to cigarettes among youth, and suggested that the devices might actually be helping, not hurting. The pattern resembled those in Sweden and Norway, where a rise in the use of snus, a smokeless tobacco product, was followed by a sharp decline in cigarette use."
      • Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/17/health/use-of-e-cigarettes-rises-sharply-among-teenagers-report-says.html?emc=edit_na_20150416&nlid=48321748&_r=0
    • June 28, 2017 - Reasons Why People Use E-Cigarettes

      E-cigs
      Graphic source: http://www.wsj.com/articles/are-e-cigarettes-a-healthy-way-to-quit-smoking-1460340169
    • June 27, 2017 - National HIV Testing Day

      HIV Testing Day
      Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/awareness/testingday.html

      For more information, see NATIONAL HIV TESTING DAY (NHTD) and AIDS/HIV

    • June 26, 2017 - 2nd Anniversary of Same-Sex Marriage Legal in all 50 States

      gay marriage
      Graphic source: http://www.pillinglaw.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/constitution-gay-marriage-2.jpg

      June 26, 2015 Supreme Court Ruling


    • January 1, 2017- Happy New Year!

      Happy 2017
      Graphic source: http://happynewyear2016imagesy.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/happy-new-years-eve-2016-images.jpg
      France fireworks
      Graphic source: http://giphy.com/gifs/2013-happy-new-year-dgAH5jjyrvTa0
    • August 25, 2016 - www.bettycjung.net is now 17 Years Old!

      16 years and counting, thanks for visiting over the years!

      Happy 17th birthday!
      Graphic Source: http://rlv.zcache.com/happy_17th_birthday_design_with_balloons_postcard-r46e8f648fa254f18958f61ad368524c3_vgbaq_8byvr_324.jpg
      It is hard to believe that it has been 16 years since I published the first webpages that turned into this Web site. Many thanks to the thousands of visitors who contributed millions of hits during the past 15 years, and for all the nice comments along the way. I will continue to strive to make this Web site a worthwhile place to spend your time and find credible public health and health information. Thank you so much!

    • March 1, 2012 - THANK YOU!!!

      3 million hits, as of 2/2012
    • February 1, 2012 - Betty C. Jung's Web site is a Healthy People Consortium Organization

      I Believe in a Healthier Nation for All Americans - Healthy People 2020
      I have always supported Healthy People's goals and objectives. Now, as a Healthy People Consortium Organization I will continue to do so in a more focused way.

      "The Consortium is a diverse, motivated group of agencies and organizations committed to achieving Healthy People 2020 goals and objectives." http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/consortium/default.aspx

      I will continue to add new links to Healthy People 2020 Webpage and post pertinent updates on my Public Health Blog. For starters, click on "Map-It" graphic for "MAP-IT: A Guide To Using Healthy People 2020 in Your Community." Also, check out: Healthy People 2020 program planning tools, a toolkit for program development!

      Get Healthy People 2020 program planning tools: MAP-IT - Healthy People 2020

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    Published on the Web: July 22, 2000; February 23, 2001
    Updated: 7/22/2017 R39,655
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